In today’s world, living without tissues seem impossible. This is because for a long time now, we have been very dependent on it. It is used for a variety of reasons like to clean up a spilling, wiping noses and faces, in bathroom hygiene, and other small cleanings. A normal tissue roll is estimated to last for approximately 5 days. Many hygiene items such as the sanitary pad, napkins, towels etc. are produced by bleaching wood pulp to which numerous other chemicals are added to give it its desired properties such as softness, being water-absorbent in nature etc.
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In toilet papers, there are two varieties: 1-ply and 2-ply. 1-ply has one layer of tissue only whereas in 2-ply there are two layers of tissues making them more bulky and more water absorbent.
The next question that would arise is what was used instead of toilet papers in olden days. It is believed that the Romans employed an L-shaped stick which was made of either wood or other precious metals. Sponges mounted on sticks immersed in salt water were used in public toilets and in other dry areas, sand was used to clean up.
Towards the end of the fifteenth century, papers were used as a replacement for all the other traditional methods.
The invention of toilet paper was around 1880 by the British Perforated Paper Company. They were sold in boxes and were harder than the version of toilet paper available in markets today. Toilet paper was seen as a private product and people hesitated to buy it in the fear of being seen with it. To keep things more confidential, toilet papers were sold in brown bags. But nowadays, it is seen as a common commodity and the tissue manufacturing companies have added more features to it such as fragrance, color etc. to make it more appealing to the customers.
Recycled toilet tissue papers are also available. These are made from recycled paper after removing staples and pins from used paper. The paper is crushed to form a slurry by mixing it with hot water and some detergents. It is then rinsed multiple times to remove the inks and other coatings. It is then bleached and sanitized as it is used for hygienic purposes using products like peroxide. The rest of the process of manufacture is similar to that of the regular tissue. In regular tissue, hard and soft wood are debarked and cut into small pieces which are cooked in water and some chemicals to get a pulp. This is then washed, bleached and dried to get tissues.